Types / [Piece] Plays [Role] in Argument

Average Questions Per Test1.8
Predicted Questions on Modern Test1.7
This Zen task is fairly easy to recognize, and plays a large part in the whole strand of analyzing argument structure. The answer choice will be an "LSAT speak" version of the [piece] of the stimulus highlighted in the question stem. Like the other tasks for the argument structure strand except for main conclusion, any element of the argument's structure could be a part of the answer.

Zen of 180 clients break down a logical reasoning stimulus into the following parts:
  • Preface
    • A flat statement that presents the situation and provides the impetus for an argument 
    • Most often, the preface is the first clause of the stimulus--HOWEVER, for [piece] plays [role] stimuli, be very cautious about following this maxim as the arguments purposefully jumble the structural elements
  • Evidence
    • All the facts used to prove the veracity of the conclusion
    • Typically, the evidence is more specific than the premise and often provides key definitions and limiting language such as "every"
  •  Bridge
    • Joins the key pieces of evidence with the conclusion statement
      • Typically the bridge will be close to the conclusion, and thus can be used to identify the crux of the argument.
    • Can be as complicated as a conditional dependent clause or as simple as a conjunctive adverb such as "however."
  • Conclusion
    • The crux of the argument, what should ultimately be remembered, implemented, or considered
The Zen of 180 pencast explanations are for the two sample PrepTests, from June 2007 and October 1996. The question stem for this task is one of the more complicated in the logical reasoning section, as you must not only identify the task, but pay special attention to the [piece] that the stem is specifically referencing. You should be actively reading the stimulus and marking it with both highlighter and pencil, looking to identify the four structural elements of the stimulus and thus proactively categorizing the relevant [piece].

TestQ #SectionAnswerYour AnswerDistractorDifficulty
June 2007112CEnterMedium
PT 68112CEnterVery Easy
PT 68222BEnterCHard
PT 67202CEnterA
PT 67222BEnter
PT 67224EEnter
PT 65101BEnterMedium
PT 65221EEnterA/CHard
PT 65124CEnterMedium
PT 65214EEnterDHard
PT 64141AEnterCMedium
PT 64251BEnterDHard
PT 64103DEnterEasy
PT 64163DEnterAHard
PT 6313EEnterEasy
PT 6244CEnterAMedium
PT 61174DEnterHard
PT 61224CEnterMedium
PT 6041DEnterVery Easy
PT 6053DEnterEasy
PT 6073CEnterEasy
PT 5972EEnterMedium
PT 59182DEnterCVery Hard
PT 57132CEnterMedium
PT 57162BEnterEasy
PT 57212EEnterDMedium
PT 57213BEnterEasy
PT 56252BEnterDHard
PT 55191CEnterBHard
PT 5573EEnterEasy
PT 54172DEnterMedium
PT 54154BEnterAMedium
PT 53111DEnterEasy
PT 53141DEnterEasy
PT 53103BEnterMedium
PT 52173BEnterDHard
PT 51141CEnterVery Easy
PT 51113EEnterMedium
PT 51233BEnterCVery Hard
PT 50152EEnterEasy
PT 50192AEnterDHard
PT 5064CEnterMedium
PT 49122CEnterEHard
PT 4854BEnterCMedium
PT 46163DEnterEasy
PT 46183CEnterMedium
PT 45234EEnterEasy
PT 44192BEnterMedium
PT 44242EEnterCHard
PT 4464CEnterEasy
PT 44244CEnterMedium
PT 4322AEnterEasy
PT 43232DEnterVery Easy
PT 4222DEnterVery Easy
PT 4234AEnterEasy
PT 42164EEnterMedium
PT 42184DEnterMedium
PT 42214DEnterMedium
PT 40251BEnterEasy
PT 4063EEnterDMedium
PT 39162DEnterEasy
PT 39222DEnterEMedium
PT 38181BEnterVery Easy
PT 38184BEnterEasy
PT 3663BEnterMedium
PT 3591EEnterVery Easy
PT 3524AEnterVery Easy
PT 35154EEnterEasy
PT 34222EEnterEasy
PT 34143BEnterMedium
PT 34263EEnterA/BHard
PT 33143EEnterVery Easy
PT 32151CEnterBMedium
PT 32234DEnterEasy
PT 31122AEnterEasy
PT 31163DEnterMedium
PT 3034CEnterEasy
PT 30134BEnterEasy
PT 2924AEnterEasy
PT 29154DEnterVery Easy
PT 27141BEnterVery Easy
PT 27171BEnterHard
PT 27244CEnterMedium
PT 2643CEnterEasy
PT 24102EEnterEasy
PT 23112CEnterEasy
PT 2192EEnterEasy
PT 2094BEnterAMedium
PT 19174BEnterEasy