June 2007 2: 3Test: June 2007
Question: Section 2: Question 3
Section: Logical Reasoning
Type: Most Logically Completes
Your Answer: Enter
Strategy: Highlight the main pieces of evidence--the actors and their definitions--how they are combined in relationships, and the degree to which we are certain of those relationships. Prephrase which structural part of the argument is missing in the [blank], and match the answer choice to the stimulus' actors, relationships, and degree of certainty.
|Preface||Humans treat centuries and lives similarly in certain ways.|
|Conclusion||People at century's end [answer].|
|Actors||Century at end, human life at end, reminiscing|
|Relationships between actors||Humans treat similarly the end of a century and the end of human life.|
|Degrees of certainty keywords||certain ways, just as|
|Prephrase what you know the most about (most relationships, highest degree of certainty) and what part of the argument is "missing"||The conclusion statement is missing, which will complete the analogy between humans looking back on their lives and cultures looking back at the century's events.|
- This is wrong because it is an actor distractor. Just as humans pay attention to their own lives at the end of their own deaths, they pay attention to the century's "life" at the end of the century, not to themselves.
- This is wrong because it is an actor and relationship distractor. The stimulus provides that humans think about their own past, not about the future and not with fear. The analogy to the end of the century must be about the century's past, and not about a fear of the future.
- This is wrong because it is a relationship distractor. Humans think about the past before they die, thus the analogy requires them to think about the century's past and not the future.
- This is correct because it maps on to the analogy about human behavior before death: "looking back on the events" ~ "interested in the history."
- This is wrong because it is a degree of certainty distractor. Although it deals with past events from the century that is about to end, it is too specific in referencing unfortunate events and how they could have been avoided. The stimulus only provides an analogy for humans generally "looking back on the events of their life," not on how they could have lived better lives.
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